National Identity Of The Chechen Republic And The Republic Of Buryatia


The paper analyzes historic facts and events influencing the religious situation in national territorial entities of the Russian Federation – the Chechen Republic and the Republic of Buryatia. Special attention is paid to aspects of geopolitical space. The Republic of Buryatia is the multinational region of the Russian Federation with the representatives of all world religions living in its territory. Considering the features of modern religious situation in Buryatia as the center of the Buddhism in Russia, Orthodoxy, Ancient Orthodoxy and Shamanism still remain the translators of traditional belief of its inhabitants. The migrants from CIS countries that arrived from eastern countries are the followers of Islam. The problem of interethnic and religious relations in Buryatia is not acute, however globalization challenges threaten the conflict of identity in the course of the dialogue of cultures. The Chechen Republic draws attention by the fact that Islam does not only have the function of religion but is a way of life and thinking covering all forms of human activity, influencing and forming functions of the state and interstate relations and society. The authors come to a conclusion that religion is part of sociocultural landscape of the Russian society and the religious identity is closely connected with ethnic identity. The century-old culture of coexistence and dialogue of various ethnic groups and confessions may be considered as a unique civilization potential.

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