The Model of Actions in Atack for Juniors in Volleyball

Abstract

The modern game of volleyball is characterized by speed and a variety of play activities through continuous improvement actions in terms of hitting the ball increasingly high creativity in building attack combinations and flexibility in the choice of defense. The literature and summarizing current information we consider it necessary to develop specific training programs to increase sports performance and improve the game in attack. To have a real dimension of the practice of juvenile volleyball game, you need to make a real x-ray at this level, especially in the final tournament, where participating teams the best of the moment. Processing and interpretation of data collected from official site over 5 days of competition allows us to have a personal view on the level of technical and tactical training teams and individual players in the tournament for juniors. Research methods used were computerized recording method, method and interpretation of statistical and mathematical the graphic method. In cocnclusion, it is necessary to put an emphasis on proper assimilation of techniques in terms of tactics, basic requirement of obtaining high performance in our paper and confirmed by the first hypothesis stated. The development of all these components and the gradual implementation of collective offensive actions (combinations in attack) develop percentage of success - two stated hypothesis is confirmed by a low efficiency index reported internationally.

Keywords: Efficiencyskillsvolleyballjuniors

Introduction

Based onwhat he saidBompaT.(2003, pp. 33-35), namely that "sport is the process oftraining

exercisesorrepetitiveworkand progressivelydeterminepotentialimprovementsto achieveoptimum

performanceand havea sizethe practice ofrealvolleyballgamejuvenilewas neededto make arealx-ray

at this level, especially in thefinaltournament, where participatingteamsthe bestoftime atages 15 – 16

years.

Thiswas based on theneed forCentralCollegeCoachesof theRomanianFederationofVolleyball

to havea starting pointfor the revivalof the volleyball game, which has neverfailedanyvaluableresults,

except the year2006, 2007and 2013theRomanian teamhewon two gold medalsand one bronzeat the

Balkan Games, but areinsulated results.

We believethat the analysisandpublication of thesedata couldbe of abenefitfor specialists in

volleyball,whichafter considerationcould assessthe extent to whichjuvenilemalevolleyballisthe

possibilityof buildinglong-term strategy, which ultimatelybringcovetedpositionof participants in the

European tournament

Premises Study

Processing and interpretation of data collected from official site over 5 days of competition allows

us to have a personal view on the level of technical and tactical training teams and individual players in

the tournament for youth.

Hypotheses of Research

-The efficiency of the attack of specific values fluctuating from one team to the other.

-We believe that the effectiveness of specific attack will have a low index reported

internationally

Subjects and Methods of Work

The recordings were made with ”Data volley 2007 Profesional” license CVM Tomis Constanţa.

Analyzes requested have been:

  • Total analysis by skill for each team

  • Total direction chart analysis for each team

Our approach followed the route registration, systematization, processing and interpretation of data on

the efficiency of specific technical and tactical attack on tournament youth:

•The efficiences of actions technical, tactical individua serve, setting, attack;

•comparing them to "the value of efficiency national team youth on the European Championship

Ankara 2015” 1.

•Distribution of passes on the phase I, reported the setter position.

•Efficiency players from national team and center of excellence with other players;

The subjects of this study are the 72 players of the six teams participating in the tournament for

youth Dej city 2016 and their choice is justified by the fact that at least in theory they are the most

representative teams of youth in2016.

1Technical and tactical actions Efficiency lot cadets participating in Ankara 2015 qualifier.

Researh Methods

•The method of recording computerized; •Interpretation of statistical and mathematical method; •The graphic method;

Efficiency values was done after the calculation of the "vote" only the values assigned "weights

for evaluations" are in percent. I used this account because do not know the values attributed to the one

who made scouting. Assigned values can be different to the tournament to the European Championships

in Ankara and thus could lead to some wrong conclusions.

Given these problems considers that used a single share of individual technical and tactical actions

We used the following evaluation grid

Granting ratings using the scale of evaluation was prepared by F.I.V.B. and presented in „Book for

F.I.V.B. Statistical Match Record (SMR), 1992”

The result of each action is evaluated using a scale of 5 degrees based on the effect on the score or

control the ball by the team after playing the ball or the opponent. Thus, in order of degree, evaluation

and award criteria, we have:

AS – 4 – point won;

EXCELENT – 3 – won the control, maintained;

Good – 4 – won the limited control, maintained;

Low – 1 – control lost, without control;

Wrong – 0 – point lost;

The formula used to calculate removal efficiency for setter was as follows:

E={[3 x (A) + 2 x (B) + 1 x (C) – 1 x (D)] x 100}/3 x N

Where:

⇒E = the efficiency ⇒A = number of executions evaluated 3 ⇒B = number of executions evaluated 2 ⇒C = number of executions evaluated 1 ⇒D = number of executions evaluated 0 ⇒N = total number of executions.

The used sentence for the computation of the efficiency of service, attack:

E={[4 x (A) + 3 x (B) + 2 x (C) + 1 x (D) – 1 x (F)] x 100}/4 x N

Where:

⇒E = the efficiency ⇒A = the number of executions evaluated 4 ⇒B = the number of executions evaluated 3 ⇒C = the number of executions evaluated 2 ⇒D = the number of executions evaluated 1 ⇒F = the number of executions evaluated 0

⇒N = the total number of executions

Results and Discusions

Figure 1: Efficiency values of play - tournament youth boy in 2016
Efficiency values of play - tournament youth boy in 2016
See Full Size >

Place occupied ranking is consistent with the efficiency of each team in the game.

Assigned values of efficiency in game one Constanta CSS team even if it is the statistical error

was recordedjust for only four games (the last game did not scouting).

Figure 2: Efficiency values of services - final tournament of youth boy 2016
Efficiency values of services - final tournament of youth boy 2016
See Full Size >
Figure 3: Dynamic efficiency of services - final tournament of youth boy 2016
Dynamic efficiency of services - final tournament of youth boy 2016
See Full Size >
  • Tomis Constanţa has most efficient service;

  • Timisoara instead has the most direct hits, but most services wrong;

  • The inefficient service Steaua Bucharest,

  • Just two team (Tomis, Timişoara) are over the average of national team in Ankara;

Figure 4: Dynamic efficiency of attack - final tournament of youth boy 2016
Dynamic efficiency of attack - final tournament of youth boy 2016
See Full Size >
Figure 5: Dynamic efficiency of attack - final tournament of youth boy 2016
Dynamic efficiency of attack - final tournament of youth boy 2016
See Full Size >

Discussion

It can be seen that the efficiency of the service is below average national team (0.415) with two

exceptions, CVM Tomis Constanta (0.458) and CSS Timisoara (0.444). From this analysis, it appears that

the low efficiency indirect means increased growth efficiency index taking over the work of the opposing

team, which leads to efficient construction and aggregation attack points more easily. An effective means

to reduce the opponent's attacking options, which means an equity foreseeable defense team and building

a more efficient attack.

The fact that, in terms of taking over at higher efficiency, completion is done mostly in extreme

areas of the net length, is evidence of the attack simplest organization, requiring specialists, amplifying

concerns for adequate training organization design combination of attack as the premises theoretical

maximum efficiency in organizing attacks require finalization (Mârza, D., Grapă Fl. 2006).

Analyzing the structure and mechanism combinations in attack teams top priority orientation

viability was found during the finalization of one (T1), in the center of the net, a high-speed lift and

complete surprise during two (T2) of the players in the line 1 or 2 on a lifting come closer to those of one

time so that the organization cannot lock to be opportune (Cojocaru A. Cojocaru M, 2009).

Completion of time 1 shall ask players to act only on special passes to have a slight jump, to move

quickly to lock and possess very good attack on one leg in zone 2, the change of direction.

"In this attack initiates and participates in a variety of high-speed tactical schemes to confuse

opponents and lock to enable others to more easily complete the attack. The main task of execution

remains in the game jam along the length of the net, so you have to be the best player on the team

blocking. In the attack to be able to play the ball coming from several directions, with increasing

effectiveness (Bril M.S., Kleshev U.N. 1988)

Regarding time 3 (T3) of finalization (our teams players in the four priority uses, or at the line 2 in

zone 1 or 6) the tendency is to conduct attacks in the 2nd line, the coordinates of the attack in Q2 and one

in Q3, safety player is allocated most efficiently, regardless of where that is found on the ground.

Conclusions

Volleyball game begins by making the service. Today, increasingly more focus on the technical

element, which for some players has become a veritable weapon of attack.

The basic technique is relatively simple, and the fact that the player has available sufficient time to

throw-in (8 seconds), creates the premise of a highly accurate and efficient execution.

It is necessary to put an emphasis on proper assimilation of techniques in terms of tactics, basic

requirement of obtaining high performance in our paper and confirmed by the first hypothesis stated.

For better efficiency volleyball game should provide sufficient time for learning, adaptation,

enhancement and improvement of technical actions - tactical.

The striker will have to develop their technical skills, the ability to perceive mental solutions based

on the game situation, the precision in action and tactical qualities, dependent on experience.

The development of all these components and the gradual implementation of collective offensive

actions (combinations in attack) develops percentage of success - two stated hypothesis is confirmed by a low efficiency index reported internationally.

Is important that attackers to master multiple-choice attack, being able to choose the best solution, depending on the game situation.

For an improvement in training players and a significant increase gaming and sports performance coach is essential, is to find the most effective both in specialized training and its evaluation.

References

  1. Bril M.S., Kleshev U.N. (1988) - Modeling characteristics usage of top skills volleyball players during sports schools selection, p. 92
  2. Bompa T., (2003) – Totul despre pregătirea tinerilor campoini, Editura EX PONO, Bucureşti, p 33-35.
  3. Cojocaru, A., Cojocaru, M. (2009) – Volei, antrenament şi performanţă, Editura Bren, Bucureşti, p 89-90.
  4. Federation Intenational of Volleyball (1992) – Book for F.I.V.B Statistical Match Record (SMR), p 92-98.
  5. Mârza, D., Grapă Fl. (2006) – Volei bazele teoretice şi metodice, Editura PIM, Iaşi, p 103-105.
  6. Stroe St., Lăzărescu, D (1989) – Volei, orientare unitară, Federaţia Română de Volei, p 56.

Copyright information

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

About this article

Publication Date

18 December 2019

eBook ISBN

978-1-80296-022-8

Publisher

Future Academy

Volume

23

Print ISBN (optional)

-

Edition Number

1st Edition

Pages

1-2032

Subjects

Educational strategies, educational policy, organization of education, management of education, teacher, teacher training

Cite this article as:

Cojocaru, A., & Cojocaru, M. (2019). The Model of Actions in Atack for Juniors in Volleyball. In E. Soare, & C. Langa (Eds.), Education Facing Contemporary World Issues, vol 23. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 1432-1438). Future Academy. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2017.05.02.175