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Class Leaders in Physics Lessons’ Management

Table 1:

Referent leader type Type characteristics Referent leaders type semantics
Directive Gains authority in a group through clear guidance and instructions is, impatient to objections, expects subordination and asserts him or herself through a convincing demonstration of the benefits of obeying to his will Prone to assert his or her power and authority, uses undemocratic methods of influence: pressure, orders, regulations, etc. (Golovin. 1998))
Power Gains recognition in a group of teenagers never mind using physical force, strongly demonstrating his or her physical superiority and suppressing resistance by aggressive pressure Based on the use of considerable physical strength (Great Russian Encyclopedia, 2009)
Charismatic Brings a vivid image associated with modernity, uniqueness, challenge to traditions, as well as with attractiveness, mystery, and social magnetism Charismatic; strong-willed, overbearing. The charismatic leader (a person endowed with authority by his or her followers based solely on the properties of his or her charisma) (Great Russian Encyclopedia, 2009)
Intelligent Gains authority in a group of teenagers by his or her verbal and cogitative advantages, speed of reaction, general outlook, innovative solutions and attractive initiatives Spiritual, thinking, with a highly developed intellect (Great Russian Encyclopedia, 2009)
High-status Moves toward leading positions among the teens, is a representative of a status social group, has material superiority and opportunities, is an example of a dream of social well-being, is associated with hopes of achieving life goals and self-affirmation of an individual Good-looking, fashionable, prestigious, luxurious (Trishin 2013)
Guarding Gains authority because of his or her humanistic goals, willingness for communication activities, desire to help, empathy and philanthropic actions Taking care of, responsible, patronizing, guarding , guiding (Trishin 2013)
Extrapunitive(punishing) Achieves authority as a result of accusative reactions that lead to the suppression of individual initiative, appearance of feelings of guilt and dependence on the source of accusation Prone to shift the blame for the failures on other people (Golovin, 1998)
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