Is the Progress Enough in the Actual Equation of the Social-Economic Becoming?

Abstract

The fact that we are interested in this era is the finding of a modus vivendi, both at zonal communities level, and the national, regional and world level. The globalization phenomenon, considered in the last decades, as being the main cause of the new human (world) realities, it is followed by the reactions of the participants to this holistic production and distribution system of the commodities (goods) and services in today economy and society. These functional components, subject to powerful and diverse challenges of human, material, cultural, religious and economic nature, are exactly the national communities. What they have to do? First of all, to progress themselves, to permanent modify their status and existential level. And how the progress is primordially based on the population dynamics, we consider that the human factor is responsible for the imperative process of the continuing life and activities (acts). But, on the other hand, we consider in this paper, that the equation of the functioning and upward trend of any society (economy) depends on the qualitative and structural factors, which influence the human resource and, consequently, influence the permanent improvement of the life standard and of the Macroeconomic indicators in evaluation for each national entity.

Keywords: Progressstructural factorshuman resourcespostmodernism

Introduction

If we were to look into the past, we surely could see the society has progressed, that the man created

through techniques and technologies a plurality of facilities: on the one hand, the man no longer lives

in caves and, on the other hand, the fact that the progress of the society allowed him to reach the far

corners of the Earth, to communicate more easy and to trade smoother each other from all over the

world.The mankind has evolved and faces new challenges linked to the idea of progress , new

scientific domains, the discovery and colonization of other worlds The idea of progress was analyzed

so by sociologists, philosophers, economists, all of them contributing to the creation of the myth of

progress, but base of research for the new lines society developments (Boia, 2000).H. Marcuse, for

example, did distinguish between quantitative progress and qualitative progress. The first one is

developed during centuries, with human knowledge, skills, and needs. As long the culture as a whole is

progressing, the human needs and activities increase and can meet these requirements which become

more complex and more diversified.The qualitative progress, as historical progress, assumes the

realization of the human liberty, of its morality; Herbert Marcuse points out that people become freer

and focused on the daily activities of living. People become more human and the oppression and

arbitrary tended to diminish. But, some authors consider that these new technologies may lead to

sophisticated forms of hidden slavery (Terec-Vlad & Terec-Vlad, 2013).

The Post-modernity entails distrust in so-called meta-narrations and the background of the

modernity becoming. Deconstructing the myth of the progress trend myth (appeared during the French

Revolution) may lead to a dilemma, because considering a linear progress of the society, this one is

interrupted by the qualitative leap generated by the emergence of moral collective consciousness and,

at the same, the emergence of an ethic of collective responsibility (Frunză, 2016).

1.1.Remarks on Globalization

The globalization phenomenon, considered in the last decades, as being the main cause of the new

human (world) realities, it is followed by the reactions of the participants to this holistic production and

distribution system of the commodities (goods) and services in today economy and society. These

functional components, subject to powerful and diverse challenges of human, material, cultural,

religious and economic nature, are exactly the national communities. The globalization effects, both

positive and negative, have been highlighted, amongst others, by Claudia Isac and Nicolae Ecobici, as

follows (Isac & Ecobici, 2007):

Positive effects:

-The world wide spread of production;

-The uptake of new technologies;

-The privatization;

-The shrinkage of the distances;

-The awareness of the global issues;

-The reforms encouraging;

-The rule of law and of the afferent state;

-The stimulating of cohabitation and cohesion;

-The reducing, by political will, of the danger of the armed conflicts;

-The enriching of the cultural heritage.

Negative effects:

-The weakness of social cohesion;

-The inequalities increase, both endogenous and exogenous;

-The destruction of the classic system of the hierarchy of values;

-The arms proliferation;

-The expansion of the communication techniques;

-The spread of the post-capitalist elements.

Globalization, as multidimensional phenomenon may be several ways: economic, technological,

cultural, etc. When we are talking about economic globalization we consider a plurality of factors and

phenomena, conscious and intentional transformations, through which, new world realities and

structural orders are sought and modalities in which these aspects could be put into practice, if there is

no international consensus in its favor (Huzum, 2012). The Globalization is, in fact, the triumph of the

economic liberalism, its spirit being the new kind of liberalism in the post-modern era. The

technological globalization is linked to the development of the revolutionary technologies IT & C,

technologies who made possible the communication in real time and the diversification of the operating

activities. Information from all over the world may be known in very short time from its issue and new

domains appeared and developed, such as the genetic engineering , unknown thirty years ago. New

researches are done for improving the life and the health status of the people, also in order to provide

the increase the man resistance to stressors. Of course, the information in domains of vanguard, such as

artificial intelligence and genetic engineering could have negative effects. Julian Savulescu and Ingmar

Persson talk about the risks that involve the development of the new revolutionary technologies,

highlightingthat it is easier to harm and to produce prejudices than advantages, due to the increasing of

our powers and knowledge, thanks to these amazing new technologies of today (Persson & Săvulescu,

2014).

1.2.Progress as a matter of fact

The fact that we are interested in this era is the finding of a modus vivendi, both at local level of

communities, and at the national, regional and world level.

The globalization phenomenon, considered in the last decades, as being the main cause of the new

human (world) realities, it is followed by the reactions of the participants to this holistic production and

distribution system of the commodities (goods) and services in today economy and society. These

functional components, subject to powerful and diverse challenges of human, material, cultural,

religious and economic nature, are exactly the national communities.

What they have to do? First of all, to progress themselves, to permanent modify their status and

existential level. And how the progress is primordially based on the population dynamics, we consider

that the human factor is responsible for the imperative process of the continuing life and activities

(acts).

But, on the other hand, we consider in this paper that the equation of the functioning and ascending

trend of any society (economy) depends on the qualitative and structural factors, which influence the

human resource and, consequently, influence the permanent improvement of the life standard and of

the Macroeconomic indicators in evaluation for each national entity.

Progress in Economics assumes the analysis of the changes both inside and outside the economic

and social systems, in fact a combination of new insights and, furthermore detailed investigations,

testing and feedback of different issues, activities and phenomena in the field.

Progress takes into account the limitations of theoretical Economics as a science and its possibilities

for pertinent and able forecasts. We are interested in reducing risks, using methods and instruments for

a better correction of the errors and failures in the day-to-day activity of entities, households and

institutions.

Economics, merely said, Macroeconomics, is the main field for the action of the progress. But, this

component, exactly as the whole Economic science, is not an empirical and policy making science, is

much complex, including a lot of inter-disciplines sciences, human, technical, biological sciences,

which give it this complexity and multidimensional view.

The IT & C revolutionary technologies, the newer approaches, become the background for the new

evolution, the spears of the society’s trends, in the benefit of communities, economies and mankind.

The future = the progress will strengthen also Economics and open new challenges for economists,

researchers, academicians.

Progress means, basically, the incorporation of information, R & D, long-life-learning, the

absorption of the mainstream economics and best results and practice in the domains with which

Economics works together.

On the other hand, we have to observe and take into account the situation in which, the economic

growth and the following facts ad acts (including the Progress) determine a recoil regarding the welfare

status or level of the people (Trifu, 2006).

Conclusions

Progress is organic integrated within systems, is part of the entire economic, social, cultural

mechanisms, but above all, progress has to be the result of the equation, implying the obtaining of more

reasonable and better life.

The message and relevance of the progress is that the attention and efforts to be focused on realities,

challenges and changes, including of the institutions and to find the proper rules, procedures,

techniques, in order to reach this final goal (the result of equation, among others).

In our recent days, considering the facts produced all over the world, in a short time, we may say

that the progress has to be considered, no matter from what point of view, as an action on short and

medium run.

References

  1. Boia, L. (2000). Pentru o Istorie a imaginarului. București: Editura Humanitas.
  2. Frunză, A., (2016). Către o nouă expertiză etică – deconstruind valorile etice. Iași: Editura Lumen.
  3. Huzum, L. (2012). Globalizarea și efectele sale. Studiu critic, Symposion. Revistă de Științe Socio-Umane, X, 2(20), 609-638 Isac, C., Ecobici, N. (2007). Efectele globalizării. Analele Universității Constantin Brâncuși din Târgu Jiu, Seria Economie, 1, 51-54 Persson, I., Săvulescu, J. (2014). Neadaptați pentru viitor: nevoia de bioameliorare morală. București: Editura All.
  4. Terec-Vlad, L., Terec-Vlad, D. (2013). Ethical Aspects within Human Cloning. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 92, 920-924.
  5. Trifu, Al. (2006). Globalizare şi dezvoltare. Iaşi: Ed. Performantica.

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Publisher

Future Academy

First Online

18.12.2019

Doi

10.15405/epsbs.2016.09.127

Online ISSN

2357-1330