The Resilience Scale: A study in a Portuguese adult sample


Problem Statement: The Resilience Scale (Wagnild Young, 1993) assesses resilience levels in adults. Good psychometric characteristics of its long and short forms were obtained for adolescents by Pinheiro Matos (2013).Research Questions: The research evaluated, in an adult’s sample, the unidimensionality factor structure proposed by original authors, and confirmed by Pinheiro and Matos (2013) and Oliveira, Matos, Pinheiro and Oliveira (2015). Purpose of the Study: This study aims to explore the construct validity of the RS-25 scale for adults and its reliability and validity. Research Methods: The sample consisted of 400 parents, mostly female, who participated in a study about prevention of adolescent depression (PTDC/MHC-PCL/4824/2012). Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor analyses were performed to study the factorial structure of the RS25. Dimensionality, reliability and validity were studied. Findings: As expected the results confirm the good psychometric characteristics and the factor structure obtained in previous studies with Portuguese adolescents, and with adults by Wagnild and Young (1993). Conclusions: Based on psychometrics properties obtained, our study supports the usefulness of the RS25 (Portuguese long form) to assess resilience in the Portuguese adult population. Further, this scale will be very useful to study the relationships of levels of parent’s resilience and adolescents’ resilience with depressive symptoms.

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03 August 2015

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Future Academy



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1st Edition




Child psychology, psychology, developmental psychology, psychological testing, psychological measurement, family psychology

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Pinheiro, M. R., Matos, A. P., Pestana, C., Oliveira, S., & Joaquim Costa, J. (2015). The Resilience Scale: A study in a Portuguese adult sample. In Z. Bekirogullari, & M. Y. Minas (Eds.), Cognitive - Social, and Behavioural Sciences - icCSBs 2015, August, vol 6. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 67-80). Future Academy.