The relationship between the well-being of parents and children


Problem Statement: Within preschool period in children’s cognition, parents as significant others have the major impact in their level of opt(pes)imistic thought.Research Questions: What levels of optimism and happiness do have parents and their children, and are they related?Purpose of the Study: The aim of this study was to examine the level of optimism in preschool children and their parents, and the relationship between the children’s and their parents’ optimism.Research Methods: This study has a coorelational research design. A set of relevant questionnaires for parents and children have been applied. A total of 328 parents of preschool children, of whom 173 were mothers and 155 fathers, and their 178 children from 10 cities in the Croatian counties of Zagreb, Karlovac and Koprivnica-Križevci participated in the study.Findings: The study confirmed that there is a significant positive correlation of the parents’ optimism and life satisfaction with the happiness and attributional style of children. Determined findings are discussed within the frame of significant parents’ role in the development of optimistic thought in their children, which has the major role in children well-being.Conclusions: During the preschool years, children build and develop their optimism, what makes this as an especially important period in every individual’s life. This study has confirmed that parents and their optimism, happiness and life satisfaction have a major role in development of their childrens attributional style and happiness.

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03 August 2015

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Future Academy



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Child psychology, psychology, developmental psychology, psychological testing, psychological measurement, family psychology

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Pavlic, K., & Tatalović Vorkapić, S. (2015). The relationship between the well-being of parents and children. In Z. Bekirogullari, & M. Y. Minas (Eds.), Cognitive - Social, and Behavioural Sciences - icCSBs 2015, August, vol 6. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 125-134). Future Academy.