Principles of Vernacular House Design for the Sustainability of Coastal Settlements


The sustainability of a settlement starts from the sustainability of a dwelling. In the era of modern development, the ecological principles contained in vernacular architecture must still be modernly adapted for the sustainability of a dwelling. The vernacular architecture of stilt houses on the west coast of Aceh has proven to be more environmentally responsive and more robust to natural disasters compared to houses built on the ground. With the knowledge of modern technology and materials, several principles of vernacular architecture can be applied to modern construction designs. This paper discusses how the people in Acehs west coast settlements who live in the peat swamp environment, understand the potential for disasters in the coastal areas through their dwellings. This research was conducted to compare stilt houses and non-stage houses built by the community, by selecting samples based on purposive sampling technique. Data collection is done by literature study, field observations, documentation, interviews, and field notes. Descriptive data analysis techniques by linking the shape and type of development with decent housing needs, especially in terms of resilience in building construction against natural disasters (earthquakes, floods, strong winds, tidal waves) and geographical conditions. Houses in the west coast of Aceh need strong and solid construction and adaptive forms to the environment, coastal climate and potential disasters.  

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26 December 2017

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Future Academy



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1st Edition




Technology, smart cities, digital construction, industrial revolution 4.0, wellbeing & social resilience, economic resilience, environmental resilience

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Qadri, L., Sawab, H., Munir, A., Machdar, I., & Nursaniah*, C. (2017). Principles of Vernacular House Design for the Sustainability of Coastal Settlements. In P. A. J. Wahid, P. I. D. A. Aziz Abdul Samad, P. D. S. Sheikh Ahmad, & A. P. D. P. Pujinda (Eds.), Carving The Future Built Environment: Environmental, Economic And Social Resilience, vol 2. European Proceedings of Multidisciplinary Sciences (pp. 767-776). Future Academy.