Developing A Design Framework For Disaster Resilience Flood Evacuation Centre In Malaysia


The flooding phenomenon in Malaysia is generally given an advanced warning time for the residents and the disaster officials to mitigate and prepare methods of evacuation. Victims will be navigated to designated public buildings for protection and safety. Schools and community halls which are often chosen as emergency shelters are actually spaces and structures which are designed for other purposes. Recent researchers revealed problems of ineffectiveness in the spaces of these evacuation centres. Key issues that are causing spatial conflicts include uninhabitable facilities, inadequate space planning, environmental health risks, insufficient basic services and poor relief execution. The research methodologies used are qualitative in nature. Firstly, qualitative data are extracted from document analyses of official documents, shelter guidelines and frameworks, following with a case study of flood evacuation centres which informed the physical conditions and spatial quality of the centres. The observation method is used to examine the design standards, functional spaces and alternative solutions that are contributing to the resilience of the centre. Finally, semi-structured interviews are carried out among disaster experts in Malaysia which will determine the resilience factors of the designs and spaces of the centre. This method also identifies detailed measures of resilience by analysing critical design considerations of the selected buildings in order to develop the final design framework.                        

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26 December 2017

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Future Academy



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1st Edition




Technology, smart cities, digital construction, industrial revolution 4.0, wellbeing & social resilience, economic resilience, environmental resilience

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Suhardi*, A. B. (2017). Developing A Design Framework For Disaster Resilience Flood Evacuation Centre In Malaysia. In P. A. J. Wahid, P. I. D. A. Aziz Abdul Samad, P. D. S. Sheikh Ahmad, & A. P. D. P. Pujinda (Eds.), Carving The Future Built Environment: Environmental, Economic And Social Resilience, vol 2. European Proceedings of Multidisciplinary Sciences (pp. 116-122). Future Academy.